Better known as the heel bone, the calcaneus is the largest bone in the foot area. Given its status, it obviously has a big responsibility there. Since your feet take all the pressure from your bodyweight, the task is mostly handled by the heel bone. It supports all the tension coming over and must absorb one impact after another whenever you step, stand up, walk, run or jog. Pretty much every contact with the ground is absorbed by the heel bone. Despite being the biggest in the foot, it is not the biggest in your body, so its size is not that impressive.
All this stress and pressure will lead to a breakdown at some point. In some people, it happens in their 70s. In others, it happens in their 20s. Different people have different strength levels. If you also get engaged into sports activities like running or jogging, the intensity will lead to an injury rather sooner than later. It is just part of the game. It does not have to be a severe injury like a fracture, but just a sore tendon that will have you limp for a few days.
Now that you are aware of the scenario, what are the causes and signs of potential heel pain? More importantly, how do you get rid of it in order to move on? The good news is that taking care of your feet is not such a comprehensive task, so you may not always need a specialist doctor.
There are more causes behind the annoying heel pain and the bad news is that most of them can be prevented if you paid attention to small things. Sadly enough, most people overlook all the signs and seek help when the pain is already there. All in all, these pains usually occur right under the hell. At times, you might feel them behind the heel.
Plantar fasciitis is by far the most popular causes. It sounds like a complicated disease, but it is not. Basically, the ligament in the heel is inflamed and leads to painful sensations whenever the bone hits it. And the bone will hit it whenever you put pressure on it – for example, to walk or to stand up. The longer you delay the treatment, the more painful it becomes.
Achilles tendonitis is yet another common affection that will make itself obvious by inflicting painful shocks to your heel. Just like the name clearly states it, putting too much pressure on the Achilles tendon is the main cause behind it. The tendon is responsible for linking the heel bone and the calf muscle. Therefore, any strain on it will cause pains in both of its sides. Apart from your heel, your calf will also hurt.
Although it is more common in elders, heel spurs are not to be overlooked either. They represent some deposits of calcium growing on the heel bone. When you step, they put pressure on it, causing pains. The heel bone is normally covered by a membrane. Heel spurs occur when it tears apart.
Finally, bursitis is not to be overlooked either. It is a medical condition that leads to the inflammation of fluid filled sacs. The main role of these sacs is to work like cushioning around all the tendons and bones in the feet. When affected by inflammation, they become painful, leading to an exquisite discomfort.
Painkillers might look like a viable option, but they are limited in strength and efficiency. They treat the result, not the cause, so they are less likely to help in the long run – not to mention the side effects. On the other hand, a naturist solution is more approachable and efficient. Simply put, it is much safer to simply relax and get over the pain by avoiding related activities. If one activity in particular causes the painful sensations, just try to avoid it. Rest for a few days and feel free to ice the area on a regular basis. It is worth noting that such a solution may not always work, as it depends on what kind of condition you have to deal with.
If heel pain is caused by plantar fasciitis, for example, you will need plenty of rest, as well as a medical treatment. Targeted therapy may also be recommended by a doctor. Its main role is to improve and strengthen the arch. Once the affection is done, heel pain should become insignificant and fade away.
On the other hand, dealing with Achilles tendonitis or bursitis might imply some physical activity, rather than medication. You might need to get involved with physical therapy targeted at the affected foot. There are a few rare situations when the issue can get serious and lead to surgery. If you act fast as soon as you notice a problem, chances are you will not need one.
Medication and ice are supposed to handle inflammation. Resting days in bed are recommended to relieve some tension and pressure off your feet. As for exercises, their main role is to strengthen all muscles in the area.
Apart from all these, insoles represent a great addition to any treatment. They come with extra cushioning for more comfort, so they also relieve painful sensations. Choosing the right insoles depends on the situation. You might need a model with a heel cradle, as well as built-in arch support.
According to pretty much any Doc socks review, compression socks can and will work against heel pain. They can be worn alone or with common socks on top. They have multiple targeted zones and a few levels of compression. Apart from pain, compression socks are just as handy against muscle soreness, a poor circulation and an unstable ankle, among many others.
Bottom line, heel pain might feel severe and exquisite at first. But as you get familiar with it and you find out how to treat it, the whole experience will be a breeze.
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